In 1750 a European movement emerged in the world of architecture called the neo-classical style. This style emerged because of the emergence of a sense of boredom towards the design style that was developing at the time.
In France, this style is referred to as empire style.
The characteristics of Neoclassical architecture include:
Clean lines, elegant, neat appearance (uncluttered)
Free standing columns
Common examples of ideal forms of neo-classical are temples. The temple is a building that represents classical architecture in its purest form. However, later columns are also used as architectural graphic elements. Often there are also gardens around buildings with geometric patterns.
The interior of the neo-classical building is made similar to the interior of a classic style, inspired by the rediscovery of the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum. Antiques from Herculaneum show that even the most antique items in the Baroque period, or the most “Roman” room of William Kent, are based on the basilica and architectural exterior of the temple which was adapted from the outside into the room. So, the appearance of the room often looks magnificent.
Neo classics also influence urban spatial planning. The ancient Romans used urban planning aimed at defense and also the comfort of civil society. Basically, the road system, community service centers, slightly wider main roads, and diagonal streets are characteristic of a very organized Roman design. The facade that looks old and the lay-out of buildings is oriented to the design patterns of the city. The Romans also attach great importance to public buildings.
The following are the neo-classic characteristics in the aspects of color, furniture and accessories:
The neo classic interior is dominated by bright colors like beige, gray, pale blue, yellow and green. While the colors used as accents are black, red, gold and terra cotta.
Neo classical furniture is very simple and geometric in nature. Fabrics used for window or sofa decorations usually use luxurious materials such as silk, brocade, cotton, and wool.
The luxurious appearance of the house can be created by presenting accessories such as jars, porcelain, pottery and sculpture. For wall decoration, use art in the form of paintings or large mirrors with gold frames.