Here are some considerations for building earthquake resistant houses, which need to be known.
Imagining about the potential risks posed to minimize damage and the emergence of fatalities due to the earthquake, would have made you afraid. So in order to reduce fear, panic and worry, there are 4 principles that must be known to build earthquake resistant houses.
Try to make symmetrical building plans and structures
A simple and symmetrical plan will make it easier for us to determine the location of the points of the columns and foundation that will be the main structure of our home. For example, reinforced concrete columns that are ideal for residences are usually 3-4 m away.
Simple and symmetrical house building structure, estimated to be able to withstand earthquake forces better than buildings with irregular shapes.
Material selection is something that cannot be forgotten to build earthquake resistant houses
The magnitude of the earthquake force that befalls a building, is directly proportional to the weight of the building itself. That is why, it is important to make buildings lighter by using lightweight building materials.
If you look at some traditional Japanese houses, almost all have wooden structures and are generally one level. Not surprisingly, Japan is a country with the best earthquake resistant home construction technology.
The use of wood and bamboo structures with roofs using thatch or palm fibers is proven to be able to withstand when there are earthquake shocks. A lot of material on the market today supports earthquake resistant home planning.
The use of aerated concrete walls or lightweight brick is also better than brick and brick. The use of gypsum or GRC partitions can also make building masses lighter.
For wood construction, for example, in addition to the need for additional crossing structures (bracing) must be equipped with a steel plate fastening at each meeting (joint) so as to ensure flexibility of motion.
Don’t forget the foundation structure
Not only the construction structure, the foundation is equally important in making earthquake resistant houses, friend. Because of that, it is better to be earthquake resistant, so that houses are built on land that has hard surfaces. The depth must also be considered well, friend. Because in order for the house to be safer and stronger, the foundation must be at a minimum of 60 – 75cm deep.